7 things you should know about Human Trafficking

Monday, 18 July 2016 2342 Views 1 Comments

ht image Human Trafficking has gained much recognition in the international scene as one of the most notorious global crimes of the century. It is promoted by not only globalization but by the demand of cheaper labour. In one his speeches, President Obama called the fight against human trafficking as one of the great human-rights causes of our time. There are countless campaigns that have come up over the last few years and has even the lead to the setting up of a special committee and initiatives by organisations such as the United Nations working to tackle and fight trafficking. This are the 7 things you should know about human trafficking:




  1. What is human trafficking?

The United Nations Office of Drugs and Crime adopted a definition in 2000; human trafficking is therefore, the act of gathering, moving, receiving, or keeping human beings by threat, force, coercion, or deception, for exploitative purposes. This includes “the exploitation of prostitution of other or other forms of sexual exploitation, forced labour or services, slavery or practices similar to slavery, servitude or the removal of organs.” This definition has only been in place since 2000.

  1. History of trafficking.

Human trafficking also dubbed modern day slavery traces its roots from slavery which began with the African slave trade, however, as this fizzled out in the United States in the 1820’s a new demand emerged. This was the rise of “white slavery” which was lightly defined as the “procurement—by use of force, deceit, or drugs—of a white woman or girl against her will for prostitution.”

  1. It’s a booming business.

International Labour Office estimates about 150.2 billion in illegal profits that goes to the business a year. A third of which comes from forced labour and the remaining is harnessed from sexual exploitation. Asia pacific has recorded the highest number of profits due to the high number of victims and the high selling price which averages to about $21,800 per victim.

  1. It is happening around you.

In my line of work every time I come across people and ask them about trafficking they often tell me of stories set far far away but the truth of the matter is, human trafficking happens all around us. In all the major cities and towns as well as the villages where there is need and desperation for a better life.

  1. The things you own might as well have been made by victims of trafficking,

Since most victims are put into forced labour a majority of the products we use might as well have been made by them. According to nearly 12 billion are in forced labour they even layout some of the products that are being made by victims of trafficking globally which range from, jewellery, pieces of clothing and food produce.

  1. No one is left out.

Human trafficking doesn’t discriminate on the basis of race, age, gender, or religion. Anyone can be a victim. Most of the human trafficking victims in the world are female and under 18, but men and older adults can be trafficking victims too. While poverty, lack of education, and belonging to a marginalized group are all factors that increase risk of trafficking, victims of modern-day slavery have included children from middle-class families, women with college degrees, and people from dominant religious or ethnic groups.

  1. Traffickers

Traffickers cut across the scale, both men and women have engaged in trafficking. According to statistics 52% of those recruiting are men, while 42% are women the remaining 6% are teams made up of both men and women. Similarly, 54% of the traffickers were total strangers to the victims however 46% were trafficked by people who were acquitted to them such friends or family.



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